Diabetes can be triggered by various factors like genetic conditions and environmental factors. In simple terms, our body uses sugar present in the food that we eat to produce energy. The sugar present in our food is released into bloodstreams and then used by cells to produce energy. Insulin is a hormone that helps cells to absorb sugar and produce energy. It is caused due to the inefficiency in our body to utilize or produce insulin hormone and the blood sugar level increases from normal to high.
There are different types of Diabetes based on how our body and immune system react to blood glucose.
Type 1 Diabetes: In this type of diabetes the body does not produce insulin. Here the immune system becomes weak and can’t generate insulin-making cells, resulting in no production of insulin. The person suffering from Type 1 Diabetes has to take insulin every day. That is the only way to maintain blood sugar levels for a person having Type 1 Diabetes.
Type 2 Diabetes: In this type, the body does not produce enough insulin, or the insulin produced is not used properly. This is the most common type of diabetes. Type 2 diabetes can be maintained/cured by taking medication and by maintaining a healthy diet and exercise.
Pre-diabetes: In this type, the patient is unaware of the condition. The person’s blood sugar level is high but not high enough to be diagnosed as Diabetes.
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