Diabetes is a long-term condition caused when the blood glucose level is too high. The food that we eat is converted into glucose and then released into our bloodstreams. Our body releases insulin through the pancreas. Insulin is a hormone that helps our cells in using blood sugar to produce energy. When a person is suffering from diabetes his/ her body does not produce enough insulin or the insulin produced by them is not used properly resulting in high glucose levels in the blood. Diabetes when not taken care of properly or controlled it can result in heart disease, Kidney Problems and can also result in loss of vision.
Types of diabetes
Type 1 Diabetes
In Type 1 diabetes the pancreas produces very low or no insulin. A person having type 1 diabetes needs to take insulin every day. The cause of type 1 diabetes can be genetic issues or environmental factors. There is no cure for type 1 diabetes as of now.
Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is caused when the insulin produced by the body is not used and blood sugar level keeps rising. It can be cured by taking medications and maintaining a healthy diet.
Gestational diabetes is caused during pregnancy. A woman who has never had diabetes can develop gestational diabetes and there is a high risk of the baby developing type 2 diabetes over a certain period of time. It usually goes away after birth but keeps you at a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes later.
In Pre-diabetes, a person usually has diabetes but is not aware of it. Here, the blood sugar level is high but not high enough to be diagnosed. It can be reversed and can be prevented from developing into type 2 diabetes.
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